Mexico has said it is considering modernizing NAFTA, but it is not clear how that would happen. Mexican government officials have suggested: Mexico may try to extend NAFTA negotiations to bilateral or trilateral cooperation on several issues, including security and immigration.104 In January 2017, tensions developed between the two countries over concerns about U.S. policy toward Mexico, and Mexican President Enrique Pea Nieto canceled an upcoming meeting with President Trump.105 President Trump said he would try to impose tariffs on imports from Mexico. Mexico responded that it would pay itself “immediately” if the United States increased tariffs on Mexican products. President Enrique Pea Nieto commented that Mexico is willing to discuss NAFTA, but only on the basis that all parties have mutual respect for the national sovereignty of each nation.106 His government has also stated that Mexico may consider withdrawing from NAFTA if negotiations are not favorable to the country, While the priority for the Mexican government is to improve the agreement rather than withdraw from it.107 To implement the fast-track procedures of the ACCORD, the President must notify and consult with Congress before the start of negotiations, give Congress a 90-day Memorandum of Understanding (sent on May 18, 2017), inform and consult with Congress during negotiations and meet several reporting obligations and meet several reporting obligations. The President must conduct negotiations on the basis of the negotiating objectives set by Congress in the TPA legislation. If the Chair complies with these and other requirements, the implementation of the legislation resulting from the resulting agreement may be considered through expedited procedures, including guaranteed consideration, no amendments and an upward or downward vote. According to a report by the New York City public tank report, Council on Foreign Relations (CFR), bilateral agricultural trade tripled between 1994 and 2017 and is considered one of the main economic effects of NAFTA on trade between the United States and Canada, with Canada becoming the largest importer of U.S. agricultural sectors.  Fears of job losses in the U.S. manufacturing sector were not due to the fact that manufacturing employment remained “stable”. Given Canada`s labour productivity, which rose to 72% of the U.S.
level, hopes of closing the “productivity gap” between the two countries were also not realized.  A Chapter 19 panel should consider whether the Agency`s decision was supported by “substantial evidence.” This standard was a considerable tribute to the national agency. Some of the most contentious trade disputes in recent years, such as the U.S.-Canada dispute over conifers, were negotiated ahead of chapter 19 panels. Source: Sir compilation using USITC business data in dataweb.usitc.gov. Most of the trade effects of NAFTA can be attributed to changes in the trade and investment model with Mexico, as economic integration between Canada and the United States has already taken place. As noted above, while NAFTA has been able to accelerate U.S.-Mexico trade since 1993, other factors, such as economic growth, have also had an impact on trade. As trade tends to improve during economic growth cycles, it tends to improve with lower growth. For example, the economic downturns of 2001 and 2009 likely played a role in the decline in U.S. exports to and imports from Canada and Mexico, as shown in Chart 2.