Impact Of The 1900 Buganda Agreement On Uganda

Officials of the Kingdom. Regent Stanislas Mugwanya (middle) with other Buganda chiefs in the 1890s, during the reign of Kabaka Daudi Chwa II. The regents and chiefs were beneficiaries of the distribution of land under the De Buganda Agreement of 1900, which rewarded them for their collaboration with the British. FILE PHOTO Before the signing of the agreement, the whole country belonged to Buganda Kabaka, hence the title Sabataka. Daudi Chwa, who was a minor at the signing of the agreement, said that at the age of majority, he said that British control had watered down his authority. My current position is so early that I am no longer the direct leader of my people. I am regarded by my subjects only as one of the paid British servants. This is because I don`t really have power over my people, not even the smallest leader,” Chwa said after Baganda and the British domination of Low and Pratt in 1900-1995. Every order given, whether by my local leader or by the Lukiiko himself, is always regarded with contempt, unless confirmed by the district commissioner. Chwa`s oath showed how enslaved Buganda had been. At the request of Sir Gerald Portal, Alfred Tucker, Bishop of East Africa and later Bishop of Uganda, asked the British authorities to take control of Uganda.

[2] On 29 May 1893, a contract between Portal and Kabaka Mwanga secured Uganda as a British protectorate. On August 27, 1894, Mwanga was forced to sign another contract with Colonel H.E. Colvile, who favoured the conventional acquisition of the territory. [3] Although the treaties of 1893 and 1894 were concluded because Uganda, as defined by the Berlin Conference, stumbled upon the British sphere of influence, Britain did not have the sanctity of traditional leaders and their peoples. It was important that an agreement be reached, contrary to a treaty, so that British domination would become de jure and not de facto. [3] Their arrival in Uganda was made difficult by the presence of Catholic and Protestant missionaries and by the War of Succession of Buganda that followed between 1888 and 1892. [4] This religiously inspired civil war coincided with the imperial ambitions of Great Britain, which was trying to secure Uganda as a colony because it was important for access to the Nile. [3] During the war, British colonial agents, according to the chief constable, Captain Frederick Lugard of the Imperial British East Africa Company (IBEAC), supported the Protestant faction led by Prime Minister (Katikiro) Apollo Kagwa. [4] Soon, IBEAC relinquished its control over Uganda after the wars forced it into bankruptcy.

[3] Assuming that the territory of the Kingdom of Uganda, which extends within the borders mentioned in the agreement, amounts to 19,600 square miles, it is divided into the following proportions: The Uganda Herald newspaper of August 14, 1914 reproduces the oath: “I swear daudi Chwa, I swear that I will have served our sovereign lord, King George V, well and well at the Kabaka office of Buganda , to clean up the affection of good will according to the law and the use of the Ugandan protectorate without fear or favour. This is how God helps me. The British wanted not only to be the masters of the kingdom and its people, but also to have a say in the next Kabaka. After the death of Kabaka, his successor was elected by a majority of votes in the Lukiiko Council or the Original Council. The name of the person elected by the Council of Mothers must be submitted for approval by Her Majesty`s Government and no person may be recognized as Kabaka by Uganda whose election has not received the approval of Her Majesty`s Government,” Article 6 continues. Prior to the signing of the agreement, The Kabaka of Buganda chose its officials without consultation.